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MSHA's Safety Targets Program
Hit By Underground Equipment

The Do's and The Don'ts

Continuous Miner
    The Do's
  • When a continuous mining machine is being trammed by remote control, the continuous mining machine operator and all other persons must be outside the machine's turning radius and away from pinch points at all times.
  • All persons helping operators move continuous miner equipment should be positioned inby the cutterheard or outby the tail, but never in the red zone.
  • Always make sure travel ways are clear before you tram the machine through the area.
  • The pump motor should be de-energized, and all machine motion stopped, when the trailing cable or water line has to be repositioned in close proximity to the continuous mining machine.
  • Always make sure you are aware of anyone near the machine before you start to move it and if everyone is not in clear site, stop the machine.
  • Clearly understand the Safe Operating Procedure and follow it at all times, before tramming the remote controlled continuous miner to another entry or crosscut.
  • Always keep constantly aware of the red zone and make sure you position yourself outside of the red zone at all times.
  • Instruct all personnel to stay clear from all operating machines.
  • Miners must maintain good communication with machine operators when nearing areas of machine operation.
    The Dont's
  • Do not position yourself anywhere beside the continuous miner or in the redzone areas created by slewing the machine during tramming operations.
  • Do not perform any maintenance or adjustments on equipment when it is energized.
  • Never turn your back to a machine or get into an area where it can swing into you.
    The Do's
  • Always maintain a safe distance between yourself and any equipment that is moving.
  • Always do pre-operational checks to identify any hazards that may affect the safe operation of the equipment before it is placed into service.
  • Always instruct equipment operators to sound warning bells and horns when the operator's visibility could be obstructed at curtains or when making tight turns, or when changing directions.
  • Always wear reflective clothing to increase your chances of being seen by equipment operators.
  • Always maintain clear visibility with all personnel in your vicinity when operating mobile equipment.
  • Always walk behind moving mobile equipment when traveling in the same entry.
  • When operating a scoop, assure supplies and materials in the bucket, without obstructing operator visibility.

    The Dont's
  • Never in any circumstances assume that an equipment operator sees you and is stopping for you.
  • Never position yourself in an area or location where equipment operators cannot readily see you.
  • Do not operate a scoop without conducting a pre-op check, including brakes.
Shuttle Car
    The Do's
  • All dumping points should be located so that there is sufficient clearance (at least 24 inches) between the rib and the operator's compartment to allow the equipment operator to safely enter and exit the equipment.
  • Instruct equipment operators to ensure they have clearance when approaching the dumping point and to keep an assured clear distance between them and any other equipment.
  • Always make a visual check and sound audible alarm to make sure all persons are clear of the equipment before moving equipment.
  • All persons helping operators move mobile equipment should be positioned a safe distance from equipment while it is in motion.
  • Always wear reflective clothing to ensure high visibility when necessary to walk or work in the area of moving equipment.
  • Miners must be constantly aware of shuttle car travel when walking on the shuttle car haulway.

    The Dont's
  • Never position yourself in an area or location where equipment operators cannot readily see you.
  • Never perform surveying at times when the section is in production.
  • Do not operate a shuttle car at high speeds.
    The Do's
  • Mobile-bridge operators should stay within the confines of the operator's deck while operating the machine.
  • When it is necessary to leave the confines of the operator's deck the operator must de-energize the entire system.
  • All panic bar and/or emergency stop switches must de-energize the entire system when activated.
  • All personnel involved in operating the system should maintain two-way communications with each other at all times.
  • Always have an audible warning device to provide an alert to all the miners of any movement on the MBC system during normal operations and when place changes occur.
  • Always have a position occupied (dead man) switch to de-energize the tramming circuit of the entire system when the operator is out of the cab.
Track Haulage Equipment
    The Do's
  • Ensure that shields or other materials loaded for transport do not project into roadways or beyond the haulage equipment and are secured to prevent tipping or falling.
  • Place an empty rail car adjacent to overhanging loads or an appropriate draw bar between the locomotive and the load.
  • Always look in the direction of movement, exercise caution when approaching parked equipment and set the automatic and manual braking systems when the locomotive is stopped.
  • Always ensure that all track-mounted equipment has proper clearance throughout the mine.
  • Always look in the direction of equipment movement and exercise caution in close work areas.
  • Always when the trail motor is not an integral part of the trip, assure that the trail motor has stopped before any work begins
  • Check couplers and safety chains for wear to prevent uncoupling of supply cars.

    The Dont's
  • Never place yourself between dollies/equipment unless each piece of equipment in the trip has come to a complete stop and has been secured against movement.
  • Do not operate haulage equipment at excessive speeds. Use appropriate mine condition speeds considering humidity on rails will cause them to be slick.
  • Do not position yourself next to a shield tip when transporting it. Keep the longest part of the locomotive between you and the shield.
  • Conduct training for miners assigned to new work tasks to ensure they are aware of the health and safety aspects and safe work procedures related to the assigned tasks.

Hit By Underground Equipment

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