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MSHA's Safety Targets Program
Hit By Equipment (Surface)

Do's and Don'ts

Surface Equipment Operation and Foot Travel at Mines

  • Wear reflective materials on clothing when traveling on foot in areas where reduced lighting could affect personal safety.
  • Use radios or other positive or certain means of communication to convey your travel intentions.
  • Make visual contact with equipment operators before walking close to the machines.
  • Be certain that all persons are clear before starting or moving equipment.
  • Provide illumination sufficient for safe working conditions.
  • Ensure a travel lane is clear before moving a vehicle. Train miners to not walk or stand in travel lanes.
  • Look over your shoulder when backing up to eliminate blind spots. When using mirrors, use all available mirrors.
  • Install "rear viewing" cameras on vehicles.
  • Sound horns before moving equipment in areas where miners are present.
  • Leave sufficient distance between mobile equipment to ensure that you are visible to other drivers.
  • Remain in equipment cabs while staging trucks.
  • Train all employees on proper work procedures and hazard recognition and avoidance.
  • Turn the wheels of mobile equipment into a bank or berm, or properly block them when left unattended on a grade.
  • Minimize situations where smaller vehicles need to approach large haul trucks (e.g., arrange for haul truck drivers to have supplies available at the pre-shift meeting place, rather than having supplies delivered to the truck).
  • Equip smaller vehicles with flags or strobe lights, positioned high enough to be seen from the cabs of haulage trucks.
  • Turn on all exterior lights and keep the cab windows free of condensation or other obstructions that affect visibility when driving in inclement weather or reduced visibility.
  • Install signs or signals that warn of pedestrians where persons routinely cross plant roadways on foot.
  • Ensure that all workplaces are kept clean and orderly.
  • Establish rules and use signs or signals warning of hazards at locations where pedestrians and mobile equipment are both performing tasks.
  • Exercise caution when approaching grades and operate mobile equipment in the appropriate gear at speeds consistent with the grade being traveled.
  • Discuss job tasks and identify any potential hazards (conduct a risk analysis) before beginning any work. Identify safe work procedures and take action to eliminate any hazards.
  • Utilize radios to communicate when visual contact cannot be maintained.
  • Monitor personnel routinely to determine that safe work procedures are followed.
  • Always disengage the transmission and set the park brake before leaving the cab.
  • Never cross the path of a moving vehicle.
  • Never turn your back to a vehicle moving in your direction.
  • Don't tune out back-up alarms. Try to recognize the different equipment when more than one alarm sounds.
  • Never assume that the driver has seen you through his/her mirrors.
  • Never leave mobile equipment unattended unless the brakes are set

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